As per the 2001 census data, a little more than 20% of India‟s population of 1,028 million is comprised of Minorities. Among them, Muslims comprise the largest minority of 13.4% followed by Christians as 2.3%, Sikhs 1.9%, Buddhists 0.8%, Jains 0.4% and very small number of Parsis. The school dropout rate of Minorities is very high, standing at 14% at primary levels (against national 2%) and 18% at secondary level (against national 3%). The workforce participation rate of Minorities is also lower than national average (44% against national average of 54%) indicating the lack of employability skills amongst the community. The existing schemes by the government for Minority communities cater to scholarships for education for Minority population and limited activities of skill and leadership development. As per 2013 survey conducted by EdCIL (India) Limited, Ministry of Human Resource Development, school drop-out rates among Muslims is one of the highest in the country and this drop out is mostly at the primary level. The Sachchar Committee Report on Status of Minorities in India (2005) also points out to low education outcome among Muslims due to reasons such as poverty, low perceived return from education, poor access to schools, etc. Therefore, it is important to have a programme that can ensure access to education which will have direct returns in terms of jobs. A holistic development of the Minority community through an integrated scheme of education and skill training is accordingly designed aiming to address low education attainment and employability of the minorities.
Nai Manzil aims to engage constructively with poor Minority youth and help them obtain sustainable and gainful employment opportunities that can facilitate them to be integrated with mainstream economic activities. Specific objectives of the project for the next five years are as follows:
i. Mobilise youth from minority communities who are school drop-outs and provide them with formal education and certification up to level 8th or 10th through National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or other State open schooling systems.
ii. As part of the programme, provide integrated Skill Training to the youth in market driven skills.
iii. Provide placements to at least 70% of the trained youth in jobs which would earn them basic minimum wages and provide them with other social protection entitlements like Provident Funds, Employee State Insurance (ESI) etc.
iv. Raise awareness and sensitization in health and life skills.
The scheme will provide non-residential integrated education and skill training programme for 9 to 12 months of which a minimum 3 months should be devoted to skill training. It is expected that the training delivery under this scheme will be fully integrated, with various components described being offered in parallel to each candidate over the duration of training.
Basic Bridge Program
A Basic Bridge Program will be offered to beneficiaries that will result in a certification from the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or any other State Board that offers open schooling. Depending on his / her eligibility, a beneficiary will undergo the Open Basic Education (OBE) level „C‟ course which is equivalent to Class VIII, or the Secondary Level Examination Program of NIOS / State Board which is equivalent to Class X. The assessment and certification will be as per NIOS / State Board norms. This will also be supplemented with periodic regular internal assessments conducted by the PIA/PIAs to track the learning progress. In case a candidate fails to pass the Open Schooling Examination in the first Page 4 of 20 attempt, he/she will be encouraged to take more number of attempts (NIOS allows each student to take nine attempts in five years to clear Class X)
Skill Training and Placement
i.The curriculum and other inputs will be used for training as per norms of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
ii. Each participant will undergo a skill based training program based on his/her aptitude and capability to be selected from the options of sector specific Vocational Skill Programs available under this Project. This would also include relevant soft-skills and life-skills.
iii. For the skills training program, the syllabus would be as per the Modular Employable Skills (MES) / Qualification Pack-National Occupational Standard (QP-NOS) compliant with National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF)
- The process of assessment and certification would be as per the stipulation of Modular Employable Skills (MES) of National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT), or the Sector Skill Council (SSC).
- The skill training programme will be of minimum 3 months duration and will include soft skills training, basic IT training and basic English training.
- The focus of this programme will be that the training should result in gainful and sustainable employment for the youth.
vii. The sector for skill training will be market relevant as assessed by the PIA during the skill gap study undertaken for the project. The skill gap survey done by PIA will be cross checked with skill gap survey done by MSDE. A final decision, on selection of trades /courses will be done by Ministry. Therefore, during the submission of the Proposal, the PIA should mention the skill demand in the area on the basis of some analysis of the industries both the manufacturing and service sectors in the area.
viii. The PIAs are required to place successful candidates in regular employment in the sector in which he/she was trained. Employment in the formal sector is desirable, however, if that is not possible then the PIA should ensure that the job provides for minimum wages as mandated in the state for semi-skilled workers and the employer should provide for Provident Fund, ESI, Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Beema Yojana (PMJJBY) during the currency of programme and other benefits to its staff.
- In order to attract employers, the PIA should have regular contact with the industries in the local area and conduct job fairs either on its own or in partnership with the State Skill Development Mission.
- Once placed the PIA should provide post placement support to the candidates for atleast three months through regular counselling either through visits or phone calls or any other modes that is convenient.
- The PIA will also track all its students for a period of one year. If during that time the students‟ drops out of the labour market, the PIA will be responsible for finding another job for him/her.
5.3 Health and Life Skills All participants would also be provided a module on health awareness and life skills including basic hygiene, first aid, etc.
Eligibility Criteria for Trainees/Beneficiaries
i. The trainee should belong to Minority community as notified under National Commission for Minorities Act 1992 (viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Parsis).
ii. In the States/UTs where some other minority communities notified by respective State/UT Governments exist, they may also be considered eligible for the programme but they will not occupy more than 5% of the total seats.
iii. The trainee should be between 17-35 years of age.
iv. Certain particular pockets of concentration of minority population within a non-minority district or city will also be eligible for consideration.
v. The trainees should belong to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) population both from urban and rural areas.
vi. The minimum qualification of trainee should be as per NIOS / equivalent defined below:
a) For Class VIII Bridge Program: Candidate should possess Class V pass or failed school leaving certificate or equivalent of education or provide self-certificate stating his/her capability to pursue this course. Candidate should fulfill the minimum age as prescribed by NIOS or equivalent board to pursue the course.
b) For Class X Bridge Program: Candidate should possess Class VIII pass school leaving certificate or equivalent of education or provide self-certificate stating his/her capability to pursue this course. Candidate should fulfill the minimum age as prescribed by NIOS or equivalent board to pursue the course.
vii. 30% of the beneficiary seats will be earmarked for girl / women candidates and 5% of the beneficiary seats will be earmarked for persons with disability belonging to the minority community under the scheme. To promote inter-community solidarity, 15% candidates belonging to BPL families of non-minority communities will also be considered.
viii. In case reserved categories as prescribed under this scheme remain vacant, these vacant seats may be treated as unreserved.